Eviction Definition

Eviction is the process of legally removing an inhabitant from their domicile. Eviction typically arises through a failure of the inhabitant to honor the terms of the contract allowing use of the domicile, usually through a failure to service debt-in other words, they didn’t pay the rent or mortgage. Eviction is a legal proceeding that varies from state to state but it usually has common elements. Initially, the landlord or mortgage holder files with a court and obtains the legal permissions necessary to proceed with an eviction. The inhabitant then is legally notified that they are being evicted and are given a certain time period during which they must vacate the premises. If the inhabitant fails to voluntarily vacate the premises, they typically will be forcibly evicted by local law enforcement. In some locales, any items remaining in the domicile after eviction are considered abandoned, and may be disposed of by the property owner. Depending on the locale, eviction may be known legally as unlawful detainer, summary possession, summary dispossession, forcible detainer, ejectment, or repossession.